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National Museum of Australia

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Collection Explorer

4

Woman's hat made of dark green velvet and surrounded by ostrich feathers

2005.0005.0393

Object information

What

Type

Collection

Dimensions

W 540mm x H 120mm x D 480mm

Material

Physical Description

A woman's hat made of dark green velvet, with a low crown and broad brim surrounded by ostrich feathers. The feathers on one side are a natural colour, while those on the other side have been dyed blue, black and pink. The crown is lined in ruched black satin with a small tie to indicate the back. The words 'Gage / BROTHERS & CO. / UNTRIMMED SHAPES' are printed in the centre of the crown. A cream card ticket is attached to the interior of the hat, with the inscription 'COLMAR/E10H12FA'. The letters 'XO/E A77' have been hand printed down the bottom, and stamped upside down on the tag is 'MADE IN U.S.A.'.

Statement of Significance

The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

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