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National Museum of Australia

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Collection Explorer

4

Light fawn felt high-crowned top hat

2005.0005.0131

Object information

What

Type

Collection

Dimensions

W 240mm x H 190mm x D 300mm

Material

Physical Description

Light fawn felt high-crowned top hat with a flat top and a narrow brim, slightly rolled at the sides. There is a grosgrain ribbon around the base of crown, with a flat bow on left side and grosgrain brim binding. In the centre of the top of the crown there is a metal eyelet vent. The interior has a fawn silk-covered paper lining and a broad tan-coloured leather internal sweat band. On the inside top of the crown there is a gold crest with the motto "HONI SUIT QUI MAL Y PENSE"; "W.P.F" in gold lettering, a white round adhesive label marked in pencil: "111" and a label attached with adhesive tape, on which is handwritten in blue ink: "William Pitt Faithfull / 1806-1896"; maker's stamp in black: "G.H. Smith & Son / 302 George Street / Sydney".

Statement of Significance

The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

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