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Scholefield double-barrelled hammer action, 12 gauge breech loading shotgun

2003.0013.0001

Scholefield double-barrelled hammer action, 12 gauge breech loading shotgun

Object information

Physical description

Double barrel breech loading 12 gauge hammer shotgun with a wooden butt with a chequered wrist, silver oval escutcheon plate on the underside and a horn butt plate. It has a wooden detachable fore arm that has a lever release latch. It is all steel action and the hammers are engraved with an ornate foliage design. Between the hammers is a locking bolt lever to open the breech. The double barrels are stamped on the underside with proof marks and engraved "SCHOLEFIELD LONDON & BIRMINGHAM" on the top centre rib with an African shield and crossed spears between "TRADE" and "MARK". On one barrel, the action and the fore end are stamped with the serial number "81225".

Statement of significance

The Ian Browne Collection consists of a double-barrelled Schofield 12 gauge hammer gun owned by Ian Browne's great great grandfather, Richard Brooks. Richard Brooks settled in the Monaro region and the gun was passed down through the family and used primarily to assist with the eradication of dingoes, rabbits, foxes and for the destruction of cattle. Ian Browne was eight years old when his father received the shotgun from his aunt. The gun is in good condition having been restored by Ian Browne's father some years ago.

Richard Brooks came to the Monaro district in 1827 during a period of great pastoral expansion. He was among the earliest Europeans to explore and settle in the region and controlled a vast area of the country extending from Michelago to the Snowy Mountains. Brooks was the first to raise beef cattle in this region and as the grasslands of Monaro were unfenced and there were few predators, cattle bred rapidly. Brooks owned very large herds and during mustering, large numbers of stock were brought in and the Schofield shot gun was used to destroy bulls and calves. The gun was passed down through the Brooks family and in later decades, used to destroy great numbers of rabbits and other feral animals that arrived in Monaro. Richard Brooks had a large family and his descendants still live in the Monaro region today. The Schofield shotgun was used by several generations of a family who held a significant place in the pastoral and settlement history of the Monaro region.

Object information

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