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Photograph of Caroline Paullena Bullivant, by W.E. Barnes, Wangaratta, 1873


Photograph of Caroline Paullena Bullivant, by W.E. Barnes, Wangaratta, 1873

Object information


Thomas Goodchild Bullivant was born in England and arrived in Australia in 1852. He worked as a saddler in Melbourne and Wangaratta, where he had settled in the mid 1860s.

Physical description

An albumen paper photograph (cartes-de-visite) featuring a woman dressed in a 19th century gown standing with one hand on a table covered with a tablecloth. Also featured on the table is a decorative ornament. There is both imprinted and handwritten text on the reverse side of the photograph. The handwritten text reads 'Caroline Paullena Bullivant / August 21. Sept 22. 1873 / Wangaratta / Australia'.

Statement of significance

The Horse photographs and ephemera collection no. 2 consists of photographs and items of ephemera associated with the history of horses in Australia, primarily in the subjects of transport, farming, pastoral work, commercial businesses, sport and entertainment. The Cooley's omnibus service timetable is a rare surviving example of advertising for a Tasmanian urban coaching service. The Chivers family album presents strong family stories of 1920s travel and transportation.The Bullivant family photographs offer insight into the life of a saddler during the nineteenth century, and context for the Ned Kelly bushranging story.

Horses played a major role in early colonial Australia, where the limits of horses were tested through contests of speed, endurance and power. By the early twentieth century, Australia had become 'exceptionally well supplied with horses', with a ratio of almost one horse to every two people by 1920. Equine muscle became the key form of power on Australian farms and coaching firms developed passenger networks through much of inland Australia, while horses hauled goods between shops, homes, factories and docks, and helped construct streets, buildings and infrastructure. Associated trades and businesses prospered, until the gradual transition to fossil fuel-powered engines during the twentieth century.

Object information


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