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Hammerstone/anvil [stone implement]

1985.0101.1041

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Hammerstone/anvil [stone implement]

Object information

Description

'During November 1940, I was commissioned to investigate a mica deposit on the Coleman River, some 35 miles south west of the Musgrave Telegraph Station on the Cape York Peninsula, and proceeded by plane to Cooktown. A stay of two days made at Cairns enabled me to contact an old friend, Dr. Flecker, and do some searching for aboriginal stone implements in his company. Some typical stone axes of the district were shown to me, most of which were made from flat sandstone pebbles 1 inch long and 4 to 5 inches wide with a ground edge. Their size would suggest they were used as hand axes for chopping and digging, but some had been definitely hafted with cane handles.

At Cooktown, I was able to search the sand dunes north of the Endeavour River towards Indian Head with the local Railway Superintendent-cum-engine driver and collected two edge ground axes and one hammer stone. These are of interest because Captain Cook stayed here for two months and made observations about the natives and described the kangaroo for the first time in history. Cook called the natives Indians, hence the name Indian Head, 4 miles to the north. This strip of sandy country was probably inhabited by many natives but stone being very scarce few artefacts were found. Banks also mentions the canoes and habitations of the natives.' Stanley Robert Mitchell (1881-1963 - The travels and memories of an anthropologist' compiled by Lynette Mitchell, 2000.

Physical description

A hammerstone/anvil labelled 1130/Cooktown/Qld'.

Object information

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