Menu toggle

National Museum of Australia

Where our stories come alive

Collection Explorer

4

Icepick used on 1911-1913 Australian Antarctic Expedition

2010.0010.0002

Icepick used on 1911-1913 Australian Antarctic Expedition

Object information

Description

Used by George Harris Sarjeant Dovers (1887-1971) Australian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1913

Physical description

A wooden handled ice-pick with a metal pick and adze at one end and a metal spike at the other. Engraved text on one side of pick reads 'Australasian Antarctic / EXPEDITION 1911'. Engraved text on opposite side reads 'WERKZEUGSHCMIED / EINSIEDELNSCHWEL'. Engraved text on top of adze reads 'LEONHARD KOST / BASEL / 12'.

Statement of significance

The collection consists of a pair of dog-sled runners, an icepick engraved 'Australasian Antarctic 1911' and a diary, all used by George Harris Sarjeant Dovers (1887-1971) in Antarctica. The collection also includes a pair of wooden skis used by his son Robert George Dovers (1922 - 1981) in two later Antarctic expeditions; the first to Adelie Land in 1951-52 and then to the Antarctic continent to establish the new Mawson Station in 1953-55. Robert also used his father's icepick in Antarctica.

Douglas Mawson led the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) from 1911 to 1914. Three bases were established at Macquarie Island, Cape Denison (main base) and the Western base station at Queen Mary Land for which George Dovers was the cartographer. After the Second World War the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) was formed and the first expedition was to Heard Island in 1948. Robert Dovers served as the surveyor on this and the 1949 expedition to Macquarie Island. He also served as the Officer-in-Charge and Surveyor for the party which established the Mawson Station during the 1954 ANARE. Mawson is now one of the longest continuously operating stations in Antarctica and the oldest south of the Antarctic Circle. Australia continues to be one of the leading Antarctic nations, taking an intense strategic, economic and scientific interest on the continent. The collection is intimately linked to key events in Australia's Antarctic story.

Object information

Back to top