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Convict love token from George Robotham, 1827


On display

Convict love token from George Robotham, 1827

Object information


George Robotham, 17, was tried at Warwick Assizes in 1827 for the burglary of a cottage. He was sentenced to transportation for life. Robotham sailed for Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) on the Asia on 25 July 1827. He had received a ticket of leave by 1837 when he married Anne Harris, also a convict, in Launceston. The couple had six children. Robotham received a conditional pardon in 1840 and an absolute pardon in 1843. He died in 1881 aged 72.

Physical description

A convict love token, made up of a coin, engraved on both sides with stippled text. One side features the text 'GEORGE / ROBOTHAM / AGED 17 / 1827'. The other side features the text 'When / this you see / Remember me / banished from / my country'.

Statement of significance

The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

Physical description

On display at the National Museum of Australia.

Object information

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