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Australian silver commemorative medallion marking Australia's 150th Anniversary in1938, featuring the landing at Sydney Cove of Captain Arthur Phillip on January 26 1788.

2004.0060.0001.001

Australian silver commemorative medallion marking Australia's 150th Anniversary in1938, featuring the landing at Sydney Cove of Captain Arthur Phillip on January 26 1788.

Object information

Physical description

Australian silver commemorative medallion, which features, on the obverse, the bust in relief of Captain Arthur Phillip with the text "Australia's 150th Anniversary 1788-1938" around the edge. On the reverse is a scene of colonists holding a flag-raising ceremony with a sailing ship in the background. Around the edge of the scene is the text "The Landing at Sydney Cove of Captain Arthur Phillip January 26 1788". Made by Amor, Sydney.

Statement of significance

The Olive King collection consists of ten commemorative medallions and plaques covering themes related to the First World War in Europe, including items produced as propaganda and to inspire patriotism. The collection also contains three Australian commemorative medallions.

This collection relates directly to Olive King's work as an ambulance driver during the First World War. King was born into a wealthy family in Sydney, and decided to become an ambulance driver when war broke out while she was visiting her sister in England. She bought a French Alda truck which she had converted into an ambulance capable of seating 16 patients, and worked with the Allied Field Ambulance Corps in Belgium before joining the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service. After six months in France she spent the next five years in Serbia travelling to the front, transporting men, recovering wounded and establishing Australian Serbian Canteens to support displaced Serbian families and soldiers. She was awarded the Serbian Silver Medal for Bravery, the Gold Medal for Zealous Conduct, the Samaritan Cross and the Cross of the Order of St Sava. The commemorative medallions in this collection illustrate King's war-time work and her interest in and commitment to the causes for which she was fighting.

Object information

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