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W 164mm x H 120mm
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More on the Herbert Basedow photographs
Reproduced by Basedow in 'Notes on the Natives of Bathurst Island, North Australia', "Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute", vol. XLIII, 1913, plate X/2. Caption reads: ' "Fish-tail" bark canoes and "dug-out" canoe in the distance, Apsley Strait. Melville Island in the background.'
Black and white glass plate negative showing several boys/youths seated in two bark canoes and one dugout canoe on the water with ground in front and in the distance.
This is a photograph by Herbert Basedow of three canoes just offshore. The foreground two are made of bark and hold two boys each; the farthest has been dug out from a tree trunk and holds five boys. There are two paddles for each canoe. Across the water is a well-vegetated landmass.
Where there is water Aboriginal people often use watercraft. Over much of mainland Australia men made canoes out of bark, usually from a eucalypt. This photograph was taken on Melville Island. Bark canoes on Melville and Bathurst islands were distinctive in shape. They are long and thin with a supporting wooden rod on either side and characteristic 'fish-tail' ends. The canoes were used for moving between islands and for fishing.
On Melville and Bathurst islands, people used not only bark canoes but dugout canoes as well. Dugout canoes were made from the hollowed-out trunk of a softwood tree. Aboriginal people learnt to make them from Indonesian visitors who probably first came to Australia's northern shores in the mid-1700s. The canoes were propelled using wooden paddles and often sails as well. Sails were made from woven pandanus and more recently cloth.
Herbert Basedow was a doctor, anthropologist and explorer. From 1903 to 1928 he ventured to remote regions of central and northern Australia - places rarely seen by Australians even today. Aboriginal people often feature in his photographs. Basedow wanted to document Aboriginal cultures as they had been before British colonisation, and often went to some lengths to craft his photographs to appear as such.
This photograph was taken during a trip to Bathurst and Melville islands to inspect the health of Aboriginal people.