Menu toggle

National Museum of Australia

Where our stories come alive

Collection Explorer


Club from Byrock, New South Wales, 1914


Club from Byrock, New South Wales, 1914

Object information


Original label on 1985.0059.0096 reads: "Wo[r,n]ga -/Wooden Sword/[word ending in a; probably Mulga] Tribe/Byrock/1914".

Edmund Milne (1861-1917) was born in England and emigrated to Queensland with his parents 19 months later. He had had personal contact with Aboriginal people throughout his life, from when he was a small boy in Queensland and, from the late 1860s, in New South Wales. This contact may have led him to recording the names of Aboriginal people associated with particular objects in his collection, at a time when this was rarely done. Milne seems to have begun actively collecting Indigenous artefacts in the early 1880s and was still acquiring objects a few months before his death in 1917. His work with the NSW Railways (1876-1917) enabled him to meet a broad range of people who facilitated his collecting and associated activities like visiting Aboriginal sites. From at least the time he lived at Orange NSW (1906-1915), and later at Ryde (1915-1917), near to Sydney city, he displayed his collection at his home. In addition to a large collection of Aboriginal artefacts, Milne's collection included artefacts from the South Pacific and prehistoric implements from Egypt, France and England. In his will dated 12 December 1916, Milne bequeathed his ?Anthropological collection? to the ?first Federal Museum opened in the Federal Capital?. The collection remained at Ryde until early 1931 when it was acquired by the Australian Institute of Anatomy in Canberra. It remained there until the Institute's collections were transferred to the National Museum of Australia in 1985.

Physical description

A flat wooden club with both the distal and proximal ends tapering to points. Adze marks are visible under the patina surface. Text, partially obscured, reads "Worga - / ...sword / Tribe 19... / ...k". Also "366".

Object information


Back to top