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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer

4

Collections

  • Robert and Irene Goard collection(43)

    Circular metal film canister used by Frank Hurley
    Stereograph box with 200 stereo-photographs
    Camera lens
    Half plate field camera

    The Robert and Irene Goard collection comprises cameras and other photographic equipment owned and used by prominent Australian photographers and businessmen Charles Kerry, George Rose and Frank Hurley and amateur photographer and engineer Ernest Macartney de Burgh. The collection includes a dry whole plate field camera and a wet plate sliding box camera used by Kerry, a Lizars Challenge stereo camera owned by George Rose and a 35mm Debrie Parvo cine-camera acquired by Frank Hurley for the 1929-30 British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions. It also includes a Sanderson folding plate camera awarded to de Burgh by the Institute of Engineers to recognise his securing the prestigious Telford Premium award in 1903-04.

    From the 1880s to the 1920s, professional Australian photographers such as Kerry, Rose and Hurley created an extensive record of urban and rural life in eastern Australia and developed highly successful businesses producing and selling portraits, landscape views and news and event photographs as prints, postcards and stereocards. These photographers also exhibited overseas and imported views of the world, including, for Hurley, of Antarctica, for Australian consumption. Through these practices, photographers such as Kerry, Rose and Hurley shaped both Australians' understanding of and interest in their own social and natural environments and Australians' perception of their place in the world.

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    A Young Australian
    Panorama at Mt Gambier, SA
    The Grange, Willoughby, NSW, Australia
    Sacred Heart Monastery, Kensington, Sydney
  • Joan Richmond collection(50)

    Letter from Joan Richmond - Montelimar
    Letter and envelope from Joan Richmond - Baalbek
    Envelope to Mrs. John Richmond
    Sheet of paper relating to Joan Richmond

    The Joan Richmond collection consists of items related to the motor racing career of Joan Richmond. These include a racing suit, goggles, a trophy, number plates, a personal journal, letters, photographs and newspaper clippings.

    Joan Richmond (1905-1999) was a successful racing car driver at a time when women racing drivers were not only a rarity, but competed in the same events as men. Richmond's first major event was the 1931 Australian Grand Prix at Phillip Island in which she drove a Riley and placed a creditable fifth. Shortly after, Richmond and four friends embarked on an overland journey from Australia to Europe in order to compete in the Monte Carlo rally. This journey is credited as the first international overland tour to have originated from Australia. Following the group's successful completion of the rally, Victor Riley offerd to sponsor Richmond and in 1932, she supported the English racing car driver, Elsie Wisdom, to win the 1000 Mile Race at Brooklands. Throughout the 1930s, Richmond stayed in England and competed in more motor racing events, including several Monte Carlo rallies and the Le Mans 24 Hour race. She returned to Australia in the 1940s but was unable to continue her motor racing career due to a lack of money and sponsorship. Joan Richmond died in Melbourne in 1999.

  • Ernabella Arts Inc. collection no. 7(103)

    Batik practice piece showing design in progress on fabric, attributed to Nyukana 'Daisy' Baker, 1975
    Untittled, square, batik silk scarf in blue, green and gold colours, by Nyukana Baker
    Silkscreen print of three ceramic jar forms, by Nyukana Baker, Malpiya Davey, Alison Carroll, 2004
    Camelaku Tjukurpa [a story about camels] by Pantjiti Lionel

    The Ernabella Collection No. 7 consists of a wide variety of material dating from the early 1990s to early 2005. The collection includes baskets, seed body ornaments, paintings on silk and canvas, some prints, batiks and an important group of ceramics that were produced between 1997 and 2005.

    These objects represent the continuing dynamism of cultural practices at Ernabella, and the manner in which the communities at Ernabella have responded to change in the region. They attest to the desire within the community to maintain cultural practices while developing commercial enterprises that provide an economic base for the community. The collection demonstrates the Ernabella community's continuing expression of cultural heritage through the production of new forms and provides direct links to earlier cultural practices and iconography.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    The Tourist.
    A tree
    The Cathedral, Iona
    Card of Interlaken and Jungfrau

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land (AASEAL) collection(218)

    South East Wind and Hammer-headed Shark
    Bone point
    Unidentified Island
    Sculpture - wood
  • Nanette Ward collection(226)

    South Australian and Australian cricketer Bill Whitty
    Dinner menu from R.M.S. Otway that has been signed by the Australian cricket team of 1912
    Photograph of Edgar Richard Mayne standing in front of the scoreboard of the East Melbourne Cricket Club
    Sepia toned photograph of William Gilbert (W.G.) Grace
  • Sir Douglas Mawson collection(4)

    Letter of
    Proclamation of British sovereignty over King George V Land (Antarctica), signed by Sir Douglas Mawson, 1931
    Typed transcript of the handwritten letter
    Canister made from food tins

    The Sir Douglas Mawson Collection comprises two letters, one handwritten and the other, a typed transcript, stating: Â?proclamation read and flag planted on McRobertson Land on 18 February, 1931Â? Latitude 67.26 South, Longitude 60.49 East claiming large tracts of Antarctica Mainland and off lying islands; and an earlier proclamation written in copperplate on rag paper by A L Kennedy, a physicist in Mawson's party, and signed by Sir Douglas Mawson, proclaiming British sovereignty over King George V Land (Antarctica) between Longitudes 142 and 160 degrees east of Greenwich, and between Latitude 66 degrees south and the South Pole, on 5 January 1931. The collection also contains three food tins which have been soldered together to form a canister. Forty-six years later, members of the 1977 Australian Antarctic Expedition retrieved the objects from their burial place beneath a cairn in Commonwealth Bay.

    Distinguished polar explorer and scientist, Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958), led three research expeditions to Antarctica, the first from 1911-14, and the second and third - British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions (BANZARE) - in 1929-30 and 1930-31. However, as well as the advancement of scientific exploration, oceanographic work and biological knowledge, great emphasis for MawsonÂ?s later voyages lay on British intentions to pre-empt territorial expansion by Norway, which was intent on securing rights over Antarctic territory to support and extend its whaling industry. Instructions issued by Prime Minister Robert Bruce to Mawson on 12 September 1929, explained clearly that territorial acquisition (in BruceÂ?s words, to Â?plant the British flagÂ?) was to be a chief objective of his voyages. The documents in this collection are considerably important in terms of territorial claims and international politics. MawsonÂ?s team were the first to map much of the coast, and this provided firm foundation for sovereignty over 5,800,000 square kilometres, or forty-two percent, of eastern Antarctic Territory to be transferred from Britain to Australia under the Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act 1933, which came into effect in 1936. Although several states have claimed territory in Antarctica, Australia effectively controls a greater area than has been claimed by any other nation.

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