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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Timothy Millett collection(313)

    Convict love token from William Weir
    Convict love token for Martha Tarlton
    Convict love token from Samuel Sergent, 1830
    Convict love token from Dennis Greenfield, 1833

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • EV Llewellyn collection(12)

    Copy of Stradivari's 'Haussman' cello, made by Australian mastercraftsman A E Smith in 1953
    Copy of Stradivari's 'Maurin' violin, made by Australian mastercraftsman A E Smith in 1946
    Copy of a 'Brescian School' viola, made by Australian mastercraftsman A E Smith in 1952
    Copy of Stradivari's 'Alard' violin, made by Australian mastercraftsman A E Smith in 1954

    The collection comprises a quartet of matched stringed musical instruments made by Arthur Edward Smith. They are a copy of Stradivari's 'Maurin' violin - 1946, a copy of Stradivari's 'Alard' violin - 1954, a copy of the 'Brecian School' viola -1952, and a copy of Stradivari's 'Haussman' cello - 1953. The collection also includes cases for each of the instruments, two silk scarves, and a 1979 program for a chamber music concert held in 1979 at which the instruments were played.

    This is a unique quartet of instruments made by A E Smith, widely regarded as the 'father' of Australian violin-making. After emigrating to Australia from England in 1909, Smith set up his business in Hunter Street, Sydney. A E Smith & Co. remained in operation until 1972 and was renowned for high quality repairs, imports and offering locally-made stringed instruments. Smith made about 170 violins, 40 violas and 3 cellos, favouring traditional European timbers and methods. He created a training ground for Australian instrument makers, many of whom have pursued successful careers and been innovative in their use of Australian timbers and styles of violins.

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7551)

    Nobby's Beach, Newcastle
    Burwood Park
    Postcard featuring a sepia photographic print of a semi-rural landscape with farmhouse and rows of barracks
  • Anne Stockton collection no. 1(1158)

    Lock Hing China Ware Store, 33 Queen's Road
    Chinese Government Radio Service radiogram
  • Bothwell Museum collection(192)

    Factory made rubber clothes peg.
    Tintype portrait of a young child
    Factory made wooden dolly peg
    Cardboard hat box for Akubra
  • Australians for Constitutional Monarchy collection(20)

    Vote No to the Politican's Republic
    Vote No to the Politican's Republic
    Sticker titled 'Vote No to the Politicians' Republic'
    No Republic

    This collection consists of a variety of material used to promote the 'No' campaign for the Republic Referendum in 1999. Objects recommended for accession into the National Historical Collection include a t-shirt, placards, posters and stickers.

    The material represents one of the major political debates in recent times, when Australians were asked to vote on the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia as a republic and replace the Queen and Governor-General with a President.

  • Dr Herbert Basedow collection(424)

    Glass plate negative - two men with cuts of meat hanging from roof of dwelling, Northern Territory, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1905 or 1911
    Glass plate negative - Bumerangi, an old Arrernte woman, suffering from senility and blindness, Bloods Creek, South Australia, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1920
    Film negative - Old man Munnkie and child surprised while rabbit hunting, southern Musgrave Ranges, South Australia, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1903
    Film negative - Dinjimanne and family, South of Mt Woodroffe, south-central Musgrave Ranges, South Australia, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1903
  • Joan Richmond collection(50)

    Envelope to Mrs. John Richmond
    Letter and envelope from Joan Richmond - London
    Letter and envelope from Joan Richmond - Baghdad
    Second of a set of three postcards from Joan Richmond - England

    The Joan Richmond collection consists of items related to the motor racing career of Joan Richmond. These include a racing suit, goggles, a trophy, number plates, a personal journal, letters, photographs and newspaper clippings.

    Joan Richmond (1905-1999) was a successful racing car driver at a time when women racing drivers were not only a rarity, but competed in the same events as men. Richmond's first major event was the 1931 Australian Grand Prix at Phillip Island in which she drove a Riley and placed a creditable fifth. Shortly after, Richmond and four friends embarked on an overland journey from Australia to Europe in order to compete in the Monte Carlo rally. This journey is credited as the first international overland tour to have originated from Australia. Following the group's successful completion of the rally, Victor Riley offerd to sponsor Richmond and in 1932, she supported the English racing car driver, Elsie Wisdom, to win the 1000 Mile Race at Brooklands. Throughout the 1930s, Richmond stayed in England and competed in more motor racing events, including several Monte Carlo rallies and the Le Mans 24 Hour race. She returned to Australia in the 1940s but was unable to continue her motor racing career due to a lack of money and sponsorship. Joan Richmond died in Melbourne in 1999.