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National Museum of Australia

Where our stories come alive

Collection Explorer

4

Collections

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7551)

    Bondi Beach. N.S.W
    Brown's & Valley Lakes, Mt Gambier, SA
    The weir, lower side, Yarrawonga, Victoria
    Somebody's Sweetheart, I want to be
  • American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land (AASEAL) collection(218)

    Cylindrical basket
    The Lizard, Tjunda - Yirrkala, 1948
    Weapon - Spear
    Crocodile
  • Colledge Family collection(296)

    Scrapbook with a green hardcover containing newspaper clippings, telegrams and some photographs from 1915-1958 documenting the motoring life of Jack Burton
    Invitation addressed to Mr and Mrs Burton for the wedding of Elizabeth Duffield and Howard Dossor, 1958
    Certificate
    Fifteen Royal Agricultural Society Member Badges

    The collection consists of documents, photographs, scrapbooks, clothing and other memorabilia from the careers and personal lives of Emma (Emilie) Roach, a well-known and successful equestrian, and her husband John (Jack) Burton, who made several record-breaking drives in motor vehicles across Australia during the 1910s and 1920s.

    Born in Narrandera, New South Wales, in 1898, Roach began equestrian competition at the age of 10, and continued through most levels and types of competition, remaining an unpaid amatuer, until her retirement in 1955. Her main competitions and successes were in the show-ring. After Burton and Roach married in 1925, they lived in Sydney for many years and travelled from there to agricultural shows in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland where Roach would compete and Burton worked in motor vehicle sales and writing articles for motoring magazines.

  • Springfield Merino Stud collection(166)

    Certificate awarded at the Murrumbidgee Annual Show, 1889, Champion Prize
    Certificate awarded at the Murrumbidgee Annual Show, 1890, Hon.
  • J Davidson collection no. 3(319)

    Wawilak at Mirramina.
    Painting depicts people, birds and fish
    Painting depicts a whale and three men in a canoe
    Birds by Jimmy Namiridali Nonganyari, Croker Island, 1965
  • Judy and Ian McPhee collection(167)

    Black metal
    Doily
    Pair of white cotton knickers
    Calico bag for Uncle Toby's oats
  • Timothy Millett collection(313)

    Convict love token from Valentine Castings, 1838
    Convict love token from Charles Vale, 1832
    Convict love token from J. Stoneham, 1823
    Convict love token from D. Greenfield, 1833

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Neville Locker collection(29)

    Convict leg irons
    Waterproof cover box for bullion box
    Black leather lash with wooden handle
    Bullion box with waterproof cover

    This collection comprises objects relating to the colonial period of Australian history, particularly the convict era, the gold rush, and nineteenth-century policing. They include a record of punishments meted out to the inmates of the Point Puer Boys' Prison, the Empire's first juvenile detention centre; a waistcoat worn by a convict assigned to work at a Hobart inn; a bullion box used to transport gold from the diggings to the Sydney Mint; a musket belonging to a soldier of a regiment deployed to quell miners at the Eureka Stockade and Lambing Flat riots; and a spring gun of the kind used to kill thylacines (Tasmanian tigers).

    These and the other objects in this collection help to tell stories of the development of wider colonial and post-colonial Australian society, including the emergence of Australia's financial sector, transport networks, representational structures and police services. The convict-era objects also help chart how successive systems of discipline, influenced by the latest concepts in penal reform, transformed the convict experience over the years. The collection documents the changing way in which Australians and others regard this nation's convict heritage, and how this heritage has been represented in museums and the media. It also demonstrates the often misguided approaches used by settlers to manage Australia's natural heritage.

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