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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Paul Tom collection(1)

    Dugong in tail down position, carved from wongai wood by Paul Tom, Moa Island

    The Paul Tom collection consists of a dugong carving made from wongai wood found within the Torres Strait. Mr Paul Tom is from Kubin Village, Moa Island in the Torres Strait. The dugong carving illustrates Torres Strait Islanders relationship with clan totems.

    The Dugong is a sea mammal found in the Torres Strait Islands. It is a main source of food for the Torres Strait Islanders as well as pertaining to cultural practices. The dugong is one of the clan totems used in ceremonies including initiation, medicinal purposes, dancing, legends, custom and laws. The dugong is also referred to as Dhangal by the Western Islanders from the Western Island language Kala Lagaw Ya.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Bluestone Cottage with Springfield main house in the background
    Envelope addressed to Miss Faithfull Springfield Goulburn containing a card
    Pencil portrait of biblical character
    Embroidery patterns

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Timothy Millett collection(314)

    Convict love token from Thomas Alsop, 1833
    Convict love token engraved with the initials J.T. and S.B., 1827
    Convict love token from Richard Kedge, 1849
    Convict love token from James Brooker, 1820

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    River and Oak Avenue, Parramatta Park NSW
    Sydney Heads
    People's Tent Mission. Pray for us!
    Cathedral Rocks
  • Y Pettinato collection(42)

    Bark painting 'Waterhole Life' by David Malangi, Milingimbi
    Bark painting Freshwater Turtles and Grass Snakes by Djikululu
  • Petronella Wensing collection no. 1(229)

    Souvenir badge in commemoration of the Royal visit to Australia in 1954, worn in Canberra by Petronella Wensing
    Pattern for knitting machine
    Pattern for knitting machine
  • Joan Richmond collection(50)

    Handwritten letter from Joan Richmond to her mother
    Letter and envelope from Joan Richmond - Baalbek
    Handwritten letter from Joan Richmond - London
    Sheet of paper relating to Joan Richmond

    The Joan Richmond collection consists of items related to the motor racing career of Joan Richmond. These include a racing suit, goggles, a trophy, number plates, a personal journal, letters, photographs and newspaper clippings.

    Joan Richmond (1905-1999) was a successful racing car driver at a time when women racing drivers were not only a rarity, but competed in the same events as men. Richmond's first major event was the 1931 Australian Grand Prix at Phillip Island in which she drove a Riley and placed a creditable fifth. Shortly after, Richmond and four friends embarked on an overland journey from Australia to Europe in order to compete in the Monte Carlo rally. This journey is credited as the first international overland tour to have originated from Australia. Following the group's successful completion of the rally, Victor Riley offerd to sponsor Richmond and in 1932, she supported the English racing car driver, Elsie Wisdom, to win the 1000 Mile Race at Brooklands. Throughout the 1930s, Richmond stayed in England and competed in more motor racing events, including several Monte Carlo rallies and the Le Mans 24 Hour race. She returned to Australia in the 1940s but was unable to continue her motor racing career due to a lack of money and sponsorship. Joan Richmond died in Melbourne in 1999.

  • Australian Institute of Anatomy collection(163)

    Aboriginal breastplate for Bulgra, King of Arremutta 1920