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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer

4

Collections

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    Joobaitch 'An old West Australian Aboriginal of the Guildford Tribe'
    The Bell Wether
    GPO Scone, NSW
    Farm Cove, from Botanical Gardens, Sydney, N.S.W.
  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Group of figures, sitting and standing on the steps of Bluestone Cottage
    Black and white photograph of the white stringybark post into which William Percy Faithfull put a bullet when shooting at Bushranger Gilbert about the end of January 1865
    Envelope addressed to William Faithfull Esq, Goulburn
    School report

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Aboriginal Arts Board collection no. 2(561)

    Bark painting 'Sacred ceremonial ground Gununguwuy' by Narritjin Maymuru, Djarrtipi, 1975
    'Dreaming Story at Warlugulong (Warlukulangu)' by Clifford Possum Tjapaltjarri, 1976
    Painting depicting modjarki, freshwater crocodile, by Dick Nguleingulei Murrumurru
    Wooden container 'Snake Dreaming at Tjuntina', painted by Tommy Lowry Tjapaltjarri, 1977
  • Torrens Island Quarantine Station collection(203)

    Commonwealth quarantine station flag
    Metal punch
    Timber rat trap
    Hand-operated washing machine

    The South Australian Government established a quarantine station on Torrens Island in 1877 (although there had been a quarantine camp on the island since 1855). It operated as a quarantine station for humans to 1980 and for animals to the mid 1990s. The last large group of people to be isolated at the Torrens Island Quarantine Station were the passengers and crew of the P&O liner Straithaird in 1954.

    For over a century the Torrens Island Quarantine Station endeavoured to protect the population of South Australia from yellow fever, cholera, plague, smallpox, typhus fever, leprosy and influenza. In 1911-12 the Commonwealth government took over the management of the quarantine station and greater cooperation and coordination with other stations around the nation was achieved. The Torrens Island Quarantine Station collection contains objects from most of the phases ofthe quarantine process employed at Torrens Island Quarantine Station during the middle decades of this century.

    Most of the collection dates from the period beginning with the influenza epidemic that followed the Great War (1914-1918) and was used through to the end of post World War migration in the 1960s. Two obvious 19th century exceptions to this are the book Mayhew's German Life dated 1864 (seven years before the creation of the German nation) and a mid 19th century government issue bed believed to have come from the Port Arthur penal establishment in Tasmania. The closure of Port Arthur and the establishment of Torrens Island Quarantine Station were barely 12 months apart and it is possible that government stores were transferred from Port Arthur for use at Torrens Island Quarantine Station.

    The number and comprehensive range of objects in the collection allow a wide range of possibilities for interpreting the collection and for displaying aspects of the role of quarantine stations in Australia and the experiences of those who passed through them as inmates and as quarantine staff.

    The collection includes objects from management of the arrival of the suspect vessel and its passengers, crew and cargo; from the fumigation process; from the accommodation and treatment of both sick and healthy people undergoing quarantine; and from the general administration of the station, its hospital and equipment.

  • Guna Kinne collection no. 1(7)

    Latvian natural-coloured linen waistcoat with black embroidery
    Latvian ring-shaped brooch
    Latvian silver-coloured metal brooch with amber coloured bead
    Latvian red ankle length costume skirt with embroidery

    The Guna Kinne Collection no 1 comprises objects which make up a Latvian womanÂ?s national costume including blouse, waistcoat, skirt, headdress, bonnet and brooches. Guna Kinne made the outfit over a period of 30 years, starting work on it as a sewing project while a schoolgirl in Riga in 1942, completing the jacket as she fled Latvia at the end of the Second World War, final touches were made to the costume after she migrated to Australia. As she fled her homeland, she took the unfinished costume with her, together with some clothes and photographs. She later wore the costume at a dance in a displaced persons camp in Germany, the day she met her future husband.

    Mrs Kinne's experiences are representative of post-war Latvian migration to Australia. After World War Two, the Australian Government adopted a new immigration policy which encouraged European emigration to Australia to boost a low population. By 1952 almost 20,000 Latvians had come to Australia as part of the program. Many, including Mrs Kinne, participated in Latvian community organisations formed to help maintain cultural activities and provide mutual social support as emigrants adapted to life in their new country. Mrs Kinne and her husband Arturs arrived in 1948 and settled in Maffra, Wangaratta and then Melbourne in Victoria. Mr Kinne attempted to make a living through his wood carving and used his skills in dairy production while Mrs Kinne continued her artistic skills through colouring photos as paid employment and painting as a hobby.

  • Dr Helen M Wurm collection no. 6(44)

    Stingray.
    Marakolo Dreaming.
    Ambumandja.
    Snake Jiningbirna.
  • Ruby Lee collection(134)

    Handwritten note
    Drawing of Ruby Monaghan and Hazel Pritchard
    S.W.W.C.A. 1934 Australian XI
    S.W.W.C.A. 1934 England Visit Australia
  • Anne Stockton collection no. 1(1158)

    Letter
    Letter
    Received three letters so pleased Georgie very happy at school pleasant trip love from all, Innes
    Lock Hing China Ware Store, 33 Queen's Road
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