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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer

4

Collections

  • Dr Robert C Percival collection(155)

    Blue card holder with coat of arms
    Technical drawing of a Percival Mew Gull E3H aircraft
    Technical drawing for a Percival aircraft titled
    Black and white photograph of a man standing next to a plane

    The Dr Robert C Percival collection consists of hundreds of objects recording the career of Edgar W Percival and his aircraft manufacturing companies, between 1897 and 1984. Items include material from Percival's military service in the AIF and RFC from 1915 to 1918; photographs, flying helmet and gloves from his commercial flying activities in Australia during the 1920s; photographs and documents recording his design and manufacturing work with Percival Aircraft Company in England during the 1930s and 1940s; trophies, certificates and medals awarded to Percival; travel documents, photographs and correspondence related to Percival's aircraft design and manufacturing work during the 1950s and 1960s; and documents and audio recordings made by Edgar Percival and his younger brother Robert Percival documenting the achievements and life story of Percival's aviation career.

    Edgar Wikner Percival was born in Albury on 23 February 1897. He was inventive and mechanically minded from an early age, working with his father, William Percival, on their property, Clarendon Park, at Richmond, New South Wales. While Percival studied engineering at Sydney Technical College and was apprentice to a marine engineering firm in Sydney, he was able to watch and fly with William (Bill) Hart, the first qualified pilot in Australia, when he moved his aviation school operations from Penrith to Ham Common, now Richmond Aerodrome, a short distance from Clarendon Park. In 1915, Percival joined the AIF, lying about his age to pursue a commission with the Royal Flying Corps which he achieved in 1917. After the war, Percival returned to Australia and undertook a variety of commercial flying activies, including aerial photography, map-making, geological surveying, joyflights and advertising. In 1929, Percival travelled to England hoping to sell one of his aircraft designs to an English manufacturer, but without success. Instead, Percival founded his own company, Percival Aircraft Company, to design and manufacture Great BritainÂ?s first low-wing cantilevered monoplane, the Gull. Percival won many competitions and awards flying his own aircraft, and the Gulls quickly established a reputation for high performance, attracting the era's most daring pilots.

  • Timothy Millett collection(314)

    Convict love token from Issac Farrow, 1841
    Convict love token from T. Jones, 1835
    Convict love token from Deney Briant, 1831
    Convict love token from Thomas Alsop, 1833

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Herbert Browne collection(240)

    Special Souvenir Program for JC Williamson's production of 'White Horse Inn'
    Business registration certificate for St Cyr Cosmetics Creations,1950
    Spear
    Album containing a collection of personal and theatrical photographs from the 1920s to the 1940s associated with Herbert Browne

    The Herbert Browne collection consists of personal items belonging to Hebert Browne, an English-born musical theatre performer who established himself as the leading tenor with Australia's JC Williamson's Company in the period between the two world wars. The collection comprises Aboriginal and oriental objects, photographs, theatrical and biographical notes, theatre programs, news-clippings, corespondence, gramophone recordings, cosmetics and accessories from Browne's theatrical make-up business.

    Herbert Browne's life in Australia from the age of twenty six reads like a history of Australian popular entertainment, with its ups and downs, its preoccupations and its relationship to wider trends in aesthetics and material culture in Australian life. Browne's interests in objects were tethered to the entertainment industry and the wider social world in which he operated. Browne's travels across the Nullabor with JC Williamson's found expression through his collections of Aboriginal artefacts, his films and photograph albums. His Aboriginal objects and associated images provide rare glimpses into the way urban Australians encountered remote Aboriginal culture. They also document his relationship with the legendary Daisy Bates, from whom he acquired artefacts. Browne's other main collecting interest was with oriental objects which echoed stage roles he played in musical theatre productions. Browne's oriental and Aboriginal objects are complementary in illustrating the way respective cultures were represented in early-mid twentieth century domestic collections. The cultural items he acquired and their incorporation into the domestic sphere of the Australian home provide insights into the way Australians of that period represented the colonised world. These objects are strongly augmented by objects related to his theatrical make-up business which capture the role of cosmetics in transforming identity in theatrical performances by himself and others. The accompanying photographic and paper-based materials document his life in the theatre, his relationship with other theatrical identities and his work at the Australian Broadcasting Commission.

  • Springfield Merino Stud collection(166)

    First Prize card awarded at the Murrumbidgee Annual Show, 1887
    Ram 'Field Marshal  Jnr'
  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    Greetings from Leichhardt
    The Heads Sydney N.S.W.
    Reaping
    Shoalhaven River, NSW
  • Ben Chifley collection no. 3(53)

    Quota Club Bathurst
    Two invitations to Mrs Clark
    United Hospital Auxiliaries of N.S.W.
    Speech by Senator N E McKenna on the death of Ben Chifley ,19th June 1951, and a note card

    The objects in the Ben Chifley Collection refer to the lives of Ben and Elizabeth Chifley, primarily from the Chifleys' days as Prime Minister and Prime Minister's wife, but stretching beyond Ben's death in 1951 until Elizabeth's death in 1962. Significant objects include a letter of condolence to Elizabeth Chifley from Elsie Curtin (former PM John Curtin's wife) on the death of Ben Chifley (above), photos of Chifley as a young boy and a bible on which Chifley was sworn in as minister in the short-lived Scullin government of 1931.

    Joseph Benedict Chifley was Australia's sixteenth Prime Minister, leading the Australian government between 1945 and 1949. This period was one of particular importance in Australian history, being the time during which many of the contours of post-War Australian social and economic development were established. Chifley also articulated the values of the reforming Labor Party in his "Light on the Hill" speech of 1949. However, the election of December that year saw the beginning of a drastic re-alignment of political allegiances in voting behaviour, leading to over twenty years of conservative dominance in Australian politics. An understanding of Ben Chifley, in both his private and public guises, illustrates much about this crucial era in post-War Australian history.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Cream coloured Christmas card with robin decoration
    Paxton's Flower Garden
    Certificate
    School report

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Nanette Ward collection(226)

    Program of cricket matches scheduled by the South Australian Cricket Association for season 1906-07
    Grand stand at East Melbourne Cricket Ground
    C. Blythe from the 1901-02 English Cricket Team to Australia
    Photograph of Edgar Richard Mayne standing in front of the scoreboard of the East Melbourne Cricket Club
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