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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Barry Williams collection(60)

    Scout's Fireman badge certificate
    Scout's Oarsman badge certificate
    Scout's Friend to Animals badge certificate
    Scout's Pathfinder badge certificate

    The Barry Williams collection comprises 53 items of 1940s scout memorabilia, including awards and items of uniform from the Surry Hills scout troop, Sydney. Awards such as badges, cords, shoulder tabs and dated certificates are a complete material record of the donor's progress from scout to king's scout. The collection contains the full range of awards available to scouts in the 1940s, except for two awards.

    This collection records a scouting experience that is typically Australian. The 1940s marks a stage of great popularity for the Scouting movement when they were a very visible presence in Australia. The Surry Hills scout troop was disbanded in the 1990s, the demise of the group was probably caused by the changing demographic and social values, of the people living in Surry Hills. This collection is a record of a past urban scouting experience in Australia. It is also evocative of some of the social changes that have taken place in Australia, that have contributed to the decrease in popularity, of the scouting movement.

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7551)

    Familiar Australian Singers
    Greetings Sincere for Christmas
    On the Buffalo River, Victoria
  • Timothy Millett collection(313)

    Convict love token from T. Lucas, 1834
    Convict love token from Henry Teague, 1845
    Convict love token from S. P[almer?], 1841
    Convict love token from Joseph Hemming, 1833

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Horne-Bowie collection(720)

    Kimberley point
    Glass spearhead
  • Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud collection(85)


    The Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud Collection is an extensive collection of trophies, ribbons, medals, badges, prize certificates, showing equipment and stud cattle photographs. The items are associated with a beef shorthorn stud established by the Davis family of the Corowa district in the early 1950s, and are in good condition.

    These objects record a recent expression of a long tradition of showing stud livestock at agricultural shows in Australia and Britain. Stud competitions at annual shows in Australian cities and regional centres enabled the gradual improvement of sheep and cattle herds. Shorthorn cattle proved adaptable and hardy in Australia, and became one of the dominant breeds. The Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud Collection helps to record the successful establishment of the shorthorn breed in Australia and the role of agricultural shows in enabling the improvement of cattle breeds. The collection also reflects the dramatic changes experienced by the rural sector in the second half of the twentieth century as tightening economic conditions forced many rural families, including the Davis family, to sell their properties.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Program for Countess of Dudley Cup Polo Tournament conducted by Goulburn Polo and Picnic Race Club 1955
    Program for Tirranna Race Club, 1st January 1869
    Photograph of Robert Lionel Faithfull and Henry Montague Faithfull
    School report

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Ainslie Primary School Collection no 1(1)

    Jungle Gym presented to Ainslie Primary School by Prime Minister James Scullin in 1930

    The collection contains one jungle gym, which when constructed, was a cubed shaped piece of play equipment concreted into the ground. The multiple cubes were made by round metal bars. The equipment held 100 children and was 4.8 metres long, 2.4 metres wide and 3.2 metres high. It is currently dismantled and in good condition.

    The jungle gym is representative of the playground movement which advocated supervised play as a way to foster children's physical, social and cognitive development. Playgrounds were also seen as an antidote to the conditions of city slums. Playgrounds were first built in the late 19th century with significant growth in the numbers of playgrounds at schools and on public land in the early 20th century. However by the 1980s and 1990s many jungle gyms and other climbing equipment were removed. Heightened public awareness of the injuries caused by falls from climbing equipment lead many schools and councils across Australia to remove jungle gyms.

  • Petronella Wensing collection no. 1(229)

    Certificate with envelope and note