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National Museum of Australia

Where our stories come alive

Collection Explorer



  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7551)

    George Street from near Central Railway Station, Sydney
    Botanical Gardens, Adelaide, SA
    Mulberry Tree, Oldest Fruit Tree in the State, Kingscote, K.I.
    The teamster's camp
  • Pfrunder Women collection(6)

    Manuscript journal 'Oct 11th 1912, Baden Journal', written by the Pfrunder sisters
    Manuscript journal 'Baden Journal, April and May Nos', written by the Pfrunder sisters
    Manuscript journal 'Febuary [sic] 1913, Baden Journal, 5th Number', written by the Pfrunder sisters
    Manuscript journal 'Nov 11th, Baden Journal', written by the Pfrunder sisters

    This collection consists of six manuscript journals kept by daughters of the Pfrunder family in around 1912-1913. Although the journals were part of a longer series kept by the girls, family tradition associates them with the period when the girls' parents travelled to Germany before the First World War. Their father, Johannes Adolph Pfrunder, a German-born Swiss, took their mother there for a medical procedure. Pfrunder came to Australia in 1880, married, raised a large family and established a farm called Baden, near Grong Grong in rural New South Wales. Adolph is said to have charged the girls with having something to show for the time they were alone and encouraged them to maintain these journals, which they may have begun before their parents left Australia. Each manuscript is called a 'Baden Journal' and is filled with coloured illustrations, poems, tongue-twisters, letters and stories. The girls have contributed to the journals under pen-names and acknowledged their sources.

    The journals give a rich insight into the girls' worldviews and the books that captured their imaginations. They also show how the girls' heritage informed this outlook and what life was like for rural children prior to the First World War. In this way, the journals provide a snapshot of the lives of a Swiss-German Australian family on the eve of the First World War.

  • Tooloyn Koortakay collection(28)

    Reproduction of a possum skin cloak collected in 1872 from Lake Condah
    Reproduction of a possum skin cloak collected in 1853 from Maiden's Punt (Echuca)
    Possum pelt with poker work designs burnt into the skin, and ochre added to the incised markings

    The Tooloyn Koortakay Collection comprises thirty pieces including a reproduction of the Maiden's Punt Yorta Yorta possum skin cloak collected in 1853, a reproduction of the Lake Condah Gunditjmara possum skin cloak collected in 1872, pastel drawings, lino cuts, etchings, possum skin dance ornaments and a selection of tools for making possum skin cloaks. As the cloaks were well over one hundred years old and slowly deteriorating, Lee Darroch, Treahna Hamm, Vicki Couzens and Debra Couzens undertook the project as a commitment to cultural regeneration.

    Possum skin cloaks are a significant aspect of Aboriginal cultural heritage from Victoria and other parts of southeastern Australia. Prior to 1830 almost every person had his or her own possum skin cloak to wear during winter and use for a mattress or blanket. Cloaks were incised with designs representing clan identity, animals, plants and natural features. As there are only five cloaks from this region known to exist in the world, the Tooloyn Koortakay collection is an important historical record as well as a significant expression of contemporary cultural change and identity.

  • Springfield Merino Stud collection(166)

    Small, off-white calling card, with
    Second Prize card awarded at the Murrumbidgee Annual Show, Wagga Wagga, 1889
  • Pastor Kenneth Freeman collection(1)

    Wooden hollow musical drum
  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Leather bridle, with 4-ring snaffle bit, noseband, and blinkers
    Luga di Lugano
    Oakhampton Castle
    Three young women at the entrance to a narrow suspension bridge

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Aboriginal Arts Board collection no. 2(561)

    The Two Women Dreaming by Shorty Lungkarta Tjungurrayi 1974-75
    Painting depicts a kangaroo
    Painting depicts a crocodile painted in the X-ray style
    'Dreaming at Kampurarrpa (Kamparrarrpa)', painted by Turkey Tolson Tjupurrula, 1976
  • Ron Westwood collection(1)

    1923 5CV 'Type C' torpedo' Citroen motor car that Nevill Westwood drove on the first around Australia circuit by a car in 1925

    The Ron Westwood Collection comprises a 1923 5CV Citroen, a collection of lantern slides with a lantern slide projector and a collection of newspaper articles, letters, photographs and other paperwork. The car underwent some restoration in the 1970s and is in reasonable condition.

    The Citroen was the first car to be driven around Australia. The journey was undertaken by Nevill Westwood, a Seventh day Adventist missionary, between August and December 1925. While each item, the car, lantern slides and ephemera resonate on their own, as a collection they represent an important moment in Australia's motoring and tourism heritage. The 1920s was a boom time in car ownership and the motor allowed people to travel further for work and leisure. The Westwood trip is an important example of the way people utilised the car to explore the land and the intense interest there was in the capabilities of the car when pitted against the Australian landscape. The fact that Westwood undertook the trip as a missionary also provides an insight to the activities of the Seventh Day Adventist Church in the 1920s.