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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    Street with shops, cars, and a chemist shop
    Victoria Street [looking north], Bunbury, West Australia
    Leg of Mutton Lake, Mt Gambier, SA
    Campbell Parade & Esplanade, Bondi Beach, N.S.W.
  • Timothy Millett collection(314)

    Convict love token from I. Gardinner
    Convict love token from William Taffs
    Convict love token from Ed Bowen, 1836
    Convict love token from G. Johnson, 1841

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Dr Helen M Wurm collection no. 4(75)

    Bark painting 'Gubabingu mortuary ceremony' by Binyinyuwuy, Milingimbi, 1967
    Painting depicts a large shark & lizard
    Bark painting 'The Formation of Clouds' by Bokarra Maymuru, Yirrkala, 1967
    The Djang'kawl in Rirratjingu Mada Country
  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Pencil sketch depicting a waterfall
    Blind Man's Buff
    Photograph of Lilian Faithfull, Ann Deane, William Pitt Faithfull, Ethel Faithfull (nee Joplin) and Florence Faithfull

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Buku-Larrngay Arts collection no. 1(44)

    Milky Way.
    Marrngu (Possum).
    Guwak ga Marrngu (Nightbird & possum).
    Possum by Maymirri 2
  • Paddy King of Nive Downs and Duke of Tambo collection(1)

    Aboriginal breastplate for Paddy, King of Nive Downs and Duke of Tambo

    This collection consists of a crescentric brass breastplate with the inscription 'PADDY / King of Nive Downs, / and / Duke of Tambo.' Charles Boydell Dutton, Archibald Francis Dutton and William George Bell were amongst the first to apply for leases in the Mitchell District, which would become the sheep stations Nive Downs and Tambo Station. The Duttons sold Nive Downs in 1866 and the Dutton and Bell families both resided at Tambo Station. The stations were on the land of the Dharawala people and so it is possible that Paddy was a Dharawala man.

    The close relationship between the two properties suggests the possibility that the breastplate was given to Paddy by the Duttons prior to 1866. However, if the plate was presented after the Duttons sold Nive Downs, the wording could reflect the relationship between the station and the closest town. Breastplates are a tangible record of relationships between individual settlers and Aboriginal people around mainland Australia. They were frequently presented to recognise the 'Chief' or 'King' of a 'tribe', which was often an attempt to aid peaceable settlement. They also often recognise service, such as on a pastoral property. The National Museum holds the largest collection of breastplates in the world, most of which are the only known record of the life of the recipient. This is the only breastplate in the collection to use both 'king' and 'duke' in the title.

  • American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land (AASEAL) collection(218)

    Borolo-borolo, work on paper, Yirrkala, 1948
    Weapon - Spearthrower
    Weapon - Spear
  • Dr Herbert Basedow collection(424)

    Film negative - River scene, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1928
    Glass plate negative - Nell Basedow hanging out washing, expedition camp at Dickerie Waterhole, South Australia, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1919
    Film negative - Extracting a stake from a camel's foot, Yununba Hill, Northern Territory, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1926
    Film negative - Wet-weather hut of the unmarried men, headwaters of Liverpool River, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, photographed by Herbert Basedow, 1928