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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    Essex Street, Sydney.
    Sydney Harbour Bridge
    George St. Sydney N.S.W. Showing Q.V. Markets, Town Hall & Railway Towers.
    Row of three attached houses (Sydney?)
  • National Sports Information Centre collection(37)

    Black and white photographic postcard of the NSW Team of Swimmers and Supporters, Brisbane, 1911
    Australian swimmers Fanny Durack and Mina Wylie with British swimmer Jennie Fletcher
    Black and white photograph of Randwick Junior Rugby Union Football Club, 3rd Grade Premiers, 1920
    Black and white photograph of Randwick Junior Rugby Union Football Club, 2nd Grade Runners-Up, 1920
  • Papuan Official collection(1043)

    Shell money
    Cane cuirass
    Cane cuirass
    Carved human figure
  • Dulcie May Magnus collection(30)

    20 wooden and metal braille punches
    Perkins Brailler
    Numerical braille plate
    Bifold brass plate for punching braille

    The Dulcie May Magnus Collection consists of a Perkins Brailler, 16 assorted wood and metal awls, metal folding ruler with punch holes, and various printed material.
    Dulcie Magnus used these objects in her work for the Royal Blind Society.

    Dulcie Magnus worked for the Royal Blind Society for over twenty years, transcribing music into Braille and large print piano music. Mrs Magnus also organised the first Australian Braille Music Seminar held at the Royal Blind Society in Sydney, 1980. She was honoured with many awards acknowledging her work with the Royal Blind Society, including the Order of Australia Medal in 1992.

  • Bart Sansbury collection(3)

    Protest banner, Point Pearce has no fishing rights - for their waters
    White, blue and brown cabin cruiser boat with inboard motor

    Images and documents to do with installation of craft held at Tandanya.

    The Bart Sansbury collection comprises several objects. The two major objects are a weathered white, blue and brown marine-ply cabin cruiser with an inboard motor, and a five metre by two metre protest banner, painted on canvas and stretched over a wooden frame, bearing the slogan Â?Point Pearce has no fishing rights - / for their waters!Â?. The slogan is superimposed across the top of a painting which depicts sky, ocean and sand dunes with tussocks of grass in the foreground. The collection also contains images and documents relating to the boat which was previously featured in an exhibition Nyoongah Nunga Yura Koorie at the Tandanya Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Adelaide, in 1991.

    Before their acquisition by the National Museum in 1992, the boat and protest banner belonged to Narungga Aboriginal man, Bart Sansbury. Born in 1948 at Wallaroo on the Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, Bart spent eighteen years as a foster child before joining the Australian Army and completing a tour of duty in Vietnam. On his return to Australia, Bart spent several years travelling the continent before returning to Point Pearce at the age of twenty-six. Following settlement of the Yorke Peninsula by pastoralists in 1846, the discovery of copper in 1880 and the subsequent establishment of large copper mines at Moonta and Wallaroo, the Narrunga population (estimated at around 500) had succumbed to disease, poverty and conflict related deaths, and declined to around 100 people. By 1900, only seven "full-descent" Narungga people remained. Set up as an Aboriginal Mission in 1867 by Moravian missionary W Julius Kuhn, Point Pearce became, and remains, a sanctuary for Aboriginal people and, according to Narungga Elders, and has been important to the survival of their people and to people like Bart, who spent fifteen years working on Point Pearce station and fishing, usually sharing his big catches with the Point Pearce community. After being jailed for fishing without a licence and for catching "too many fish", and unable to pay the cost of the fine, Bart beached his boat permanently in protest. Although the traditional lands and fishing grounds of the Narungga are located on and around the Yorke Peninsula, there are currently no exemptions for traditional fisheries under fisheries legislation in South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. Under the South Australian Fisheries Act 1971, Aboriginal people are subject to the same restrictions to numbers and size of fish caught, as well catching methods, and require a permit to catch fish for sale. Commercial license fees range from $20,000 to $50,000 and fines for fishing without a license, or for breaching related subsections of the act, incur fines of at least $5,000, or a jail sentence. The protest banner painted by Bart Sansbury has transformed an ordinary, dilapidated fishing vessel into a powerful statement of protest against legislation which Aboriginal people believe discriminates against their use of new technology (for example, the use of boats, fishing nets and so on) to continue what has traditionally been an important cultural practice.

  • Timothy Millett collection(314)

    Convict love token from Paul Stieney, 1836
    Convict love token from T. Niundy, 1839
    Convict love token from Issac Farrow, 1841
    Convict love token from G. Emms, 1828

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    William Faithfull land grant
    New Years card
    For freedom and liberty
    Envelope addressed to W P Faithfull Esq, Springfield, Goulburn

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Sir Douglas Mawson collection(4)

    Proclamation of British sovereignty over King George V Land (Antarctica), signed by Sir Douglas Mawson, 1931
    Letter of
    Typed transcript of the handwritten letter
    Canister made from food tins

    The Sir Douglas Mawson Collection comprises two letters, one handwritten and the other, a typed transcript, stating: Â?proclamation read and flag planted on McRobertson Land on 18 February, 1931Â? Latitude 67.26 South, Longitude 60.49 East claiming large tracts of Antarctica Mainland and off lying islands; and an earlier proclamation written in copperplate on rag paper by A L Kennedy, a physicist in Mawson's party, and signed by Sir Douglas Mawson, proclaiming British sovereignty over King George V Land (Antarctica) between Longitudes 142 and 160 degrees east of Greenwich, and between Latitude 66 degrees south and the South Pole, on 5 January 1931. The collection also contains three food tins which have been soldered together to form a canister. Forty-six years later, members of the 1977 Australian Antarctic Expedition retrieved the objects from their burial place beneath a cairn in Commonwealth Bay.

    Distinguished polar explorer and scientist, Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958), led three research expeditions to Antarctica, the first from 1911-14, and the second and third - British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expeditions (BANZARE) - in 1929-30 and 1930-31. However, as well as the advancement of scientific exploration, oceanographic work and biological knowledge, great emphasis for MawsonÂ?s later voyages lay on British intentions to pre-empt territorial expansion by Norway, which was intent on securing rights over Antarctic territory to support and extend its whaling industry. Instructions issued by Prime Minister Robert Bruce to Mawson on 12 September 1929, explained clearly that territorial acquisition (in BruceÂ?s words, to Â?plant the British flagÂ?) was to be a chief objective of his voyages. The documents in this collection are considerably important in terms of territorial claims and international politics. MawsonÂ?s team were the first to map much of the coast, and this provided firm foundation for sovereignty over 5,800,000 square kilometres, or forty-two percent, of eastern Antarctic Territory to be transferred from Britain to Australia under the Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act 1933, which came into effect in 1936. Although several states have claimed territory in Antarctica, Australia effectively controls a greater area than has been claimed by any other nation.