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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Envelope with writing 'Pitt family history'
    Blue dance program titled 'Programme, Government House, 1868'
    Early farm buildings including the mill at Springfield
    The Tourist.

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • Turner and Valentine Families collection(177)

    Carn signed by Mabel Valentine to pledge that she will abstain from intoxicating drinks 1880
    Grandfather Turner. Father of John Turner
    Isla Villa, Mary Street, Dunoon
    Scientific Expedition to Haymen Island May, 1934
  • Timothy Millett collection(314)

    Convict love token from M. Lang, 1840
    Convict love token from William Hall, 1830
    Convict love token from Joseph Hemming, 1833
    Convict love token from Mary Smith, 1826

    The Timothy Millett collection comprises 307 convict love tokens dating from 1762 to 1856, and seven contemporary documents relating to the criminal justice system including: recommendations to commute the death sentences of Hester Sampson and Thomas Hayes to life transportation; a calendar of prisoners awaiting trial in the goals of Durham, Newcastle and Northumberland; a request to the Middlesex assizes for rewards to be paid; a printed copy of George Skene's last speech prior to execution; a printed broadside listing prisoners in Dorchester jail awaiting transportation; and a 60 page handwritten account of the life of Thomas Jones, who was transported twice and finally hanged at Winchester Prison in 1856.

    Convict love tokens, typically made from smoothed-down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, derive from traditional sailors' farewells. The production of these 'leaden hearts' rose as criminal indictments increased in Britain, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As mementos made by or for convicts facing transportation (or death) to leave behind for their loved ones, the tokens provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system.

  • Dorothy Bennett collection(167)

    Bark painting 'The first firing of the bush at Caledon Bay' by Mungurrawuy Yunapingu, Port Bradshaw
    Bardurru, the Hollow Mortuary Log is borne to the Milky Way or The Pussycat and the Crows.
    Bark painting 'Frogs and baby ibis' by unknown artist, north-western Arnhem Land
    Saltwater  dreaming of the Warramiri People (Bark: Sealife  Dances. Inv:
  • Convict Era Shirt collection(6)

    Metal candle holder comprising metal dish with looped handle at edge and vertical cylinder at centre
    Convict hand-stitched shift shirt of woven fabric of white and blue stripes
    Handstitched leather shoe with iron nails in sole and heel [punishment shoe]
    Cylindrical oil lamp with fluted conical top and circular convex glass window

    The Convict Era Shirt collection comprises six convict era artefacts found at the Commandant's Cottage in Granton, Tasmania during renovations in the 1960s.The collection includes a convict era shirt c.1830, a convict punishment shoe, a Government-issue metal candle holder impressed with a broad arrow mark, a whale oil burning lamp with original convex magnifying lens, a waisted iron axe with an impressed crown over a broad arrow, and a pair of handcuffs marked 'Froggatt Warrented Wrought Iron'.

    A secondary punishment station was established at Bridgewater in 1829 to build a causeway across the Derwent. Approximately 200 convicts were employed, in chains, to erect the Commandant's cottage, convict barracks, the Black Snake inn and to break stones to form the foundation of the causeway. This was a difficault and punishing task, and the project was abandoned seven years later uncompleted. The significance of the shirt, as one of only two surviving examples of such a ubiquitous article of clothing, is given added importance due to the circumstances that led to its and the shoe's preservation. The shirt had been placed into a wall cavity and the shoe was placed under the floor. Both items appear to have been deliberately concealed in the cottage by its convict builders as a 'house sacrifice', a folk practice common in England from the 1400s.

  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    A Federation style, two storey brick house and front garden
    Bayliss Street Bridge & Lake Wollundry, Wagga NSW
    There were seven of them altogether
    Ostrich farm, possibly in Mundooran
  • J Davidson collection no. 3(319)

    Painting depicts four frogs
    Oval coiled split cane basket
    Painting depicts rainbows seen during the N-W monsoon, & the storm spirit Djambuwal
    Painting depicts a fresh water crocodile surrounded by one
  • Australian Institute of Anatomy collection(163)

    Aboriginal breastplate for Bulgra, King of Arremutta 1920
    Round split cane coiled basket