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National Museum of Australia

Collection Explorer



  • Josef Lebovic Gallery collection no. 1(7553)

    Murwillumbah Fire, Sept.15th, 1907
    Como Bridge George's River
    Botanical Gardens - Sydney
    Reid's Albion Hotel
  • Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud collection(85)


    The Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud Collection is an extensive collection of trophies, ribbons, medals, badges, prize certificates, showing equipment and stud cattle photographs. The items are associated with a beef shorthorn stud established by the Davis family of the Corowa district in the early 1950s, and are in good condition.

    These objects record a recent expression of a long tradition of showing stud livestock at agricultural shows in Australia and Britain. Stud competitions at annual shows in Australian cities and regional centres enabled the gradual improvement of sheep and cattle herds. Shorthorn cattle proved adaptable and hardy in Australia, and became one of the dominant breeds. The Woodleigh Shorthorn Stud Collection helps to record the successful establishment of the shorthorn breed in Australia and the role of agricultural shows in enabling the improvement of cattle breeds. The collection also reflects the dramatic changes experienced by the rural sector in the second half of the twentieth century as tightening economic conditions forced many rural families, including the Davis family, to sell their properties.

  • Springfield - Faithfull Family collection(3501)

    Florence Faithfull?) standing with two young girls in a garden setting
    On the Death of Puss
    School report
    Christmas card from Mrs. and Miss Anderson

    The Springfield Collection comprises about 1550 artefacts from Springfield station, south of Goulburn. It includes colonial era costume, a bushranger medal, surveying instruments, a late-19th century landau, firearms and edged weapons, wool samples and Joseph Foveaux's pocket watch and bible. The objects are complemented by over 400 photographs. This diverse collection reflects the growth and economic success of the property, responses to changes in the wool market and the daily lives of the people who have lived on Springfield.

    Springfield has grown from a 518-hectare land grant given to William Pitt Faithfull in 1828 to the current 3183 hectares with ownership remaining in the one family. William Pitt Faithfull established the Springfield Merino Stud in 1838 with ten rams selected from the Macarthur Camden Park stud. The stud evolved slowly over the years until the early 1950s when, under the management of Jim Maple-Brown, a scientific approach to wool-growing was adopted and the stud's name was changed to Fonthill to reflect this.

  • American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land (AASEAL) collection(218)

    The final burial (aka A burial ceremony), work on paper, Yirrkla, 1948
    Painting depicts a rectangular figure with a diamond pattern down the centre
    The Flight of the Morning Star, work on paper, Yirrkala, 1948
    Model of bark coffin, Yirrkala
  • Torrens Island Quarantine Station collection(203)

    Hand-operated washing machine
    Timber rat trap
    Woven cane basket for baby weighing scales
    Commonwealth quarantine station flag

    The South Australian Government established a quarantine station on Torrens Island in 1877 (although there had been a quarantine camp on the island since 1855). It operated as a quarantine station for humans to 1980 and for animals to the mid 1990s. The last large group of people to be isolated at the Torrens Island Quarantine Station were the passengers and crew of the P&O liner Straithaird in 1954.

    For over a century the Torrens Island Quarantine Station endeavoured to protect the population of South Australia from yellow fever, cholera, plague, smallpox, typhus fever, leprosy and influenza. In 1911-12 the Commonwealth government took over the management of the quarantine station and greater cooperation and coordination with other stations around the nation was achieved. The Torrens Island Quarantine Station collection contains objects from most of the phases ofthe quarantine process employed at Torrens Island Quarantine Station during the middle decades of this century.

    Most of the collection dates from the period beginning with the influenza epidemic that followed the Great War (1914-1918) and was used through to the end of post World War migration in the 1960s. Two obvious 19th century exceptions to this are the book Mayhew's German Life dated 1864 (seven years before the creation of the German nation) and a mid 19th century government issue bed believed to have come from the Port Arthur penal establishment in Tasmania. The closure of Port Arthur and the establishment of Torrens Island Quarantine Station were barely 12 months apart and it is possible that government stores were transferred from Port Arthur for use at Torrens Island Quarantine Station.

    The number and comprehensive range of objects in the collection allow a wide range of possibilities for interpreting the collection and for displaying aspects of the role of quarantine stations in Australia and the experiences of those who passed through them as inmates and as quarantine staff.

    The collection includes objects from management of the arrival of the suspect vessel and its passengers, crew and cargo; from the fumigation process; from the accommodation and treatment of both sick and healthy people undergoing quarantine; and from the general administration of the station, its hospital and equipment.

  • Mary Nicholson collection no. 2(19)

    Princely Gravy
    Bush Tucker
    Super Sweetener
  • Convict Love Token collection no. 2(4)

    Convict love token from Samuel Smith, 1839
    Convict love token 1792
    Convict love token
    Convict love token 1844

    This collection consists of 4 Convict Love Tokens: one copper halfpenny engraved with MC/1792; one cartwheel penny engraved with squire with rifle and dog; one copper penny engraved with a sailor in front of a sailing ship; and one shaved down penny with 'L.B/L.W/1844'.

    Convict love tokens, typically made of smoothed down coins and engraved or stippled with a message, provide a poignant, personal insight into the transportation system, as well as its transnational character. Also known as 'leaden hearts', the tokens stem from traditional sailors' farewells. Convict tokens were made for the whole of the Transportation period in New South Wales and Tasmania, with the majority produced during the 1820s and 1830s. As objects purposely made by or for convicts to give as mementoes, to be left behind when the prisoner was transported, the tokens are a unique part of the record of a convict's transportation experience.

  • Ruby Lee collection(134)

    Six women playing cricket
    Handwritten note
    Heavyweight wrestling champion Tom Lurich
    Embroidered pocket from Australian Women's Cricket Team blazer worn by Ruby Lee, 1934-1935, sewn onto green woollen jacket